About UsContact UsJoing mailing listMembers login
Discover more, safely
HomeSafety TipsGet OutdoorsTrainingResourcesMedia
  Research links

Initiating Research

Funding Research

Distributing Findings

Research Links

National Incident Database

MSC Research Committee

 Recent Research

Outdoor Recreation

Outdoor Education

Recreation and Tourism

Recreation and the Law

Leadership & Decision Making

Media Portrayal

MSC Evaluation Reports

Avalanche Research

Research - Recent Research - Recreation and the law


From Low Jump to High Jump: Adventure recreation and the criminal law in New Zealand.
Authors: Lynch, Pip1,Johnson, Paul2 Annals of Leisure Research 2007, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p79 25p.


Until recently, New Zealand law set a very low threshold for culpability under criminal nuisance or criminal negligence -- namely carelessness -- and this threatened to impact negatively on the provision of adventure recreation. In 2004, a new interpretation of criminal nuisance -- recklessness -- was introduced and this, too, is potentially damaging for adventure recreation by raising the bar to criminal culpability too high. In this paper, we consider the implications of the law of criminal nuisance for New Zealand recreation in general, and we take risk recreations (also known as adventure recreations) as particular cases in which the threshold could have far-reaching detrimental consequences for recreation provision and participation.

Comparison with interpretations of criminal negligence (and civil in Australia) in other common law jurisdictions and a review of the New Zealand adventure recreation culture shows that the swing from a low jump to a high jump for culpability is not in the best interests of recreation in New Zealand, and that gross negligence or a major departure from accepted standards is the appropriate threshold.



Silence and Authentic Reflection Strategies: Holistic Learning in an Outdoor Education Program.
Authors: Hubball, Harry1 harry.hubball@ubc.ca
West, Darren2 claredarrenbilly@yahoo.co.uk
Source: Physical & Health Education Journal Summer2008, Vol. 74 Issue 2, p12 3p.


The article discusses holistic learning and the ways it can be put into practice in outdoor education programs. The concept's derivation from literature on multiple intelligences is discussed. Silence and authentic reflection are described as ways to encourage spiritual growth in an outdoor education setting. The concept of spiritual wellness is defined as a sense of life purpose and fulfilment experienced through interactions with self, community, and environment.

The article lists several strategies for holistic outdoor education, including learning context strategies, predisposing strategies, and enabling strategies. Reminders for teachers to allow for pluralistic spiritual beliefs and remain grounded in their approaches to spirituality are also addressed.

Mountain Safety Council managed websites
Mountain Saftey CouncilAdventure SmartAvalanche.net.nz